Symptoms of heart blockage that need to be watched out

Heart blockage

Heart blockage is a coronary artery disorder that can cause coronary heart disease or better known as deadly heart disease in the world. Recognizing and being aware of the symptoms can reduce your risk of having a heart attack.

Heart blockage is generally caused by a buildup of plaque on the heart artery wall. These blood vessels surround the heart and are responsible for carrying oxygen and various nutrients from the body to the heart.

Plaque or atherosclerosis is generally formed from cholesterol , fat, calcium, metabolic waste, and blood clotting material called fibrin. Although it can be released from the walls of blood vessels, this plaque buildup can be carried along with the bloodstream to get stuck in certain organs such as the brain. Another thing that can happen is the formation of blood clots on the surface of the plaque which is also capable of blocking blood vessels until the blood flow is interrupted.

High cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure are some of the conditions that are risk factors for heart blockage. Other risk factors for heart blockage include age, gender, and a family history of this disease.

Symptoms of heart blockage

Heart blockage can be started from a young age. Plaque will continue to grow and accumulate as you get older. Usually this condition also does not show significant symptoms until the blood vessels are really narrowed, blocked, or even broken and cause a stroke or heart attack.

The most common symptoms of heart blockage are chest pain or angina attacks . The chest pain that you feel can be described as severe pressure, a feeling of pain, numbness, tightness, chest tightness, and pain. This pain can spread to the left shoulder, arms, neck, jaw and back. Chest pain can also be accompanied by nausea, sweating, and fatigue. Other symptoms that can also be experienced are rapid or irregular heartbeat ( arrhythmia ), feeling weak and dizzy.

Ischemia or disruption of blood flow can occur if the blood flow is completely blocked, and this condition can lead to a heart attack . Ischemia can occur when you are eating, exercising, too enthusiastic, or exposed to cold. If it is really severe, ischemia can also strike when you are resting.

Heart blockageControlling several risk factors for heart blockage can help reduce the risk of heart disease. You can make changes to the diet to reduce cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and stop smoking and start exercising regularly. Exercising can keep your weight within normal limits, so it can reduce the risk of various complications from obesity . Discuss with your doctor about the steps to prevent heart blockages that can be done and adapt to your body’s condition.

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Angioplasty, Lifesavers Who Have Heart Disease

Angioplasty, Lifesavers Who Have Heart Disease

Coronary angioplasty is a procedure to open blockages or narrowing of the heart arteries. After undergoing angioplasty, the hope of a person who has or is at risk of a heart attack can increase and the risk for subsequent heart attacks can be reduced.

Angioplasty aims to increase blood flow to the heart. This mechanism is done by inserting and inflating a small balloon in the blocked part of the blood vessel to help expand the channel. This procedure is actually common in treating heart disease , especially in patients over 65 years.

Angioplasty is often combined with the placement of a small wire tube called a stent or ring . Some types of rings are coated with drugs that will help keep blood flow in the blood vessels open. Ring installation aims to open the blood vessel wall and prevent it from narrowing again.

Role of Angioplasty

In general, angioplasty is a procedure performed to treat the following health problems.

Atherosclerosis

To correct the blockage of blood flow to the heart in patients with atherosclerosis, which symptoms include chest pain and shortness of breath. Atherosclerosis is hardening of the blood vessel wall that occurs due to fat plaque buildup. Angioplasty is performed if lifestyle changes or medication cannot relieve symptoms.

Heart attack

Can be done during a heart attack to open blockages of the heart arteries and reduce the risk of damage to the heart.

How is Angioplasty done?

Medical history, results of physical examinations and supporting examinations will be taken into consideration by the doctor before this procedure is performed. The patient will undergo a coronary angiogram to determine the exact location of narrowing of the arteries and know for certain that the narrowing or blockage that occurs can be treated with angioplasty.

Angioplasty is performed through a cardiac catheterization , by making a small incision in the skin of the leg, arm or wrist, so that a small catheter can be inserted into a vein to block the narrowed or narrowed heart arteries. The balloon at the end of the catheter will be inflated and deflated several times in the blood vessels, until the vessel wall is completely inflated. Then the catheter is removed. Chest pain can occur during the angioplasty because when a balloon is developed, blood flow to the heart is slightly blocked. During the procedure, the patient will be sedated but remain conscious and the heart record device will monitor the patient’s heart rate.

After the angioplasty is complete, the patient’s heart will be monitored in the hospital for some time, so the patient must be hospitalized. When you are allowed to go home, patients are usually advised to drink lots of water and avoid strenuous activities. Try to always take prescription drugs, such as aspirin and the like.

The patient must immediately see a doctor if: the area where the catheter is inserted feels pain, becomes red, swollen, feels hot, or has bleeding. Likewise if you experience shortness of breath, chest pain, or feeling weak.

This procedure cannot be performed on all people who experience heart disease. Some people who experience the following conditions are advised not to undergo angioplasty:

  • Narrowing occurs in the main blood vessels that carry blood to the left heart.
  • Weak heart muscle.
  • Suffering more than one disease that attacks blood vessels.
  • Suffering from diabetes.
  • There are more than one blood vessel blockage.

In the above situation, it is better to do a heart bypass surgery (coronary bypass surgery) , which is an operation performed to make a new channel using blood vessels from other parts of the body, so that blood flow to the heart returns smoothly.

Angioplasty also has risks

Although considered to be able to save patients with heart disease, angioplasty also has risks, namely:

  • Recurrent arterial narrowing. Angioplasty that is performed without the installation of a ring ( stent ) can cause this opportunity up to 30 percent.
  • Blood clots can form in the ring after completion of the action. This clotting blood can clog the heart’s blood vessels and cause a heart attack.
  • Bleeding in the leg or arm at the location of the catheter is inserted.
  • Heart attack while undergoing the procedure.
  • Kidney disorders due to contrast are used during angioplasty and ring fitting, especially in people who already have kidney problems.
  • Damage to the heart arteries when the procedure is performed.
  • Plaque can be released from the walls of blood vessels when the catheter enters the blood vessels, and clogs the blood vessels in the brain causing a stroke .
  • Heartbeat that is too fast or too slow when undergoing angioplasty.
  • Allergic reactions to contrast material used in the procedure.
  • Death from a heart attack or stroke.

Undergoing angioplasty does not mean that heart disease has disappeared. This action will cause symptoms of shortness of breath and reduced chest pain, but can still reappear at any time. If angioplasty has been able to overcome the disturbances that occur in the heart, no need for heart bypass surgery that requires a large incision in the chest and a longer recovery stage.

So you do not need to undergo angioplasty, it is important to maintain health by stopping smoking, maintaining ideal body weight, lowering cholesterol levels, and exercising regularly.

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This is the Variety of Healthy Foods for the Heart

Healthy Foods for the Heart

Eating healthy foods for the heart and living a healthy lifestyle can make you avoid the risk of heart disease and reduce the risk of death from heart disease.

In addition to eating healthy foods for the heart, which is no less important is to avoid fast food and instant food. Fast food that is rich in bad cholesterol can increase the risk of blood vessel blockages that can lead to heart attacks .

To avoid the risk of heart disease , you need to apply a healthy lifestyle, such as eating healthy food, regular exercise, and not smoking. This can reduce the risk of heart disease by 82 percent. People aged 70-90 years who usually live healthy can also reduce the risk of death from heart disease by 66 percent .

Healthy Food Group

One healthy lifestyle that you can live is eating healthy foods for the heart. So, what are the foods intended?

To nourish the heart and help it work strongly, phytonutrients found in vegetables and fruits can be beneficial. This compound helps protect plants from germs, fungi and pest pests. As for humans, these compounds can help the body work properly.

Here are some foods that contain phytonutrients.

Peanuts

Expand to eat nuts, for example red beans , up to three cups a week. In addition to being rich in phytonutrients that are good for the heart, nuts are also rich in fiber and water which makes you quickly full. This can prevent you from consuming more calories. In addition, nuts are also rich in antioxidants which play a role in preventing cell damage due to exposure to free radicals that cause cancer, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s.

Grain seeds

Eating whole grains such as wheat, brown rice, or corn as the main source of carbohydrates, can reduce the risk of various diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, certain types of cancer, and obesity . This is because these grains contain protein, fiber , antioxidants, B vitamins and minerals. The mineral in question is iron, zinc , and magnesium.

Apple

Eating 1-2 apples per day is believed to reduce the risk of heart disease. Apples are effective in reducing bad cholesterol in the body and help regulate blood sugar. This is because besides containing phytonutrients, apples also contain other compounds that are good for the heart, namely epicatechin. This substance is a compound that is rich in antioxidants and can help reduce blood pressure.

Garlic

Garlic is known to not affect blood pressure, so it can be consumed frequently. Garlic can also replace salt to add savory flavor to food. This is good for heart health, because the more salt consumption the higher the risk of high blood pressure, which can trigger heart disease and stroke.

Wine

The benefits of wine are thought to have the potential to prevent heart disease and hypertension or high blood pressure. This is because grapes contain fiber and flavonoids that are good for preventing heart damage.

Berries

Various berries such as blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries can be used as healthy snacks. Berries that are rich in fiber and antioxidants are thought to reduce the chance of a heart attack. In addition, the sweet taste in berries does not trigger diabetes. However, research on the effects of berries in protecting heart health still needs to be studied further.

Green tea

Based on the results of the study, those who drank more than five cups of green tea a day had a 25 percent lower risk of dying from heart attacks and strokes. However, be careful when consuming green tea. Drinking more than five cups of green tea every day can increase your risk of developing kidney stones. Therefore, if you consume lots of green tea, also consume lots of water to avoid dehydration and keep the urinary system smooth.

In addition to eating healthy foods for the heart, you should limit your salt intake to no more than 5-6 grams per day, equivalent to 2000-2400 mg of sodium (sodium) per day. Whereas for people who have a risk of heart disease, maximum sodium consumption is 1,500 mg. You also need to exercise regularly and avoid smoking so that the body is healthy and the heart is always strong to pump blood throughout the body properly.

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What Is Cardiac Catheterization?

Cardiac Catheterization

Cardiac catheterization is a medical procedure designed to determine your heart’s health condition. This procedure is also important to detect whether there are problems with the heart and treat some heart problems.

This procedure is mostly done to evaluate the health condition of people who often experience chest pain. Chest pain may be a symptom of coronary heart disease . In addition to chest pain, there are various reasons why doctors perform cardiac catheterization .

Indications for Cardiac Catheterization

Here are some of the uses of cardiac catheterization:

  • Evaluate blood flow and oxygen in various parts of your heart.
  • Assess the strength of the heart muscle pumping blood throughout the body.
  • See how good heart valve performance is.
  • Treating coronary heart disease and heart attack.
  • Plan the right treatment. Especially if you are just recovering from a heart attack but still feel chest pain, get the results of a medical examination that shows that you have heart disease, or you have a heart attack that causes the heart to be severely damaged.
  • Correct heart defects with minor surgery.
  • Take heart muscle samples to find out if you have a heart infection or tumor.
  • Check for congenital heart disease in children.

This is the Cardiac Catheterization Procedure

Cardiac catheterization procedure is performed by a cardiologist in the hospital. During a cardiac catheterization, you will remain aware and be able to follow all directions from the doctor. When going to undergo a cardiac catheterization procedure, the medical team will inject sedative drugs that will make you feel calm.

Then, the cleaning and shaving process is carried out on the area to be inserted in the catheter, which is a device such as a flexible thin hose. After cleaning, the doctor will inject local anesthetic so you don’t feel sick when the catheterization is done.

The catheterization process begins by making a small hole in the vein, followed by the installation of a tube in the hole, to keep the mouth open. Then, the doctor will insert a guiding wire from the vascular opening to the heart chamber. After that, the catheter is inserted following the guiding wire from the vein to the heart. The guide wire will be pulled and re-removed, while the catheter stays inside.

Then, the doctor will insert a contrast dye into the catheter. The monitor will record the condition of your heart, which can be seen from the journey of contrast dye in the blood vessels. The results of this recording will appear on the monitor screen of the operating room making it easier for doctors to see the state of your heart. Finally, the doctor can start testing, treatment, or any medical measures needed according to your condition.

During a cardiac catheterization, the doctor can also perform a coronary angiogram or cardiac angiography . This procedure is done to find out if you have a coronary artery disorder or not.

After the cardiac catheterization process is complete, you will be taken to the recovery room for several hours. While in this room, you are required to sleep on your back with the condition of a straight leg and should not leave the bed. The medical team will then close the catheterization hole area to stop bleeding. Heart rate, pulse and blood pressure will also be checked.

Possible Risks

Every medical procedure, especially related to the heart and blood vessels, certainly has risks. Likewise with cardiac catheterization. Here are some risks that might occur:

  • Bleeding.
  • Bruises.
  • Infection.
  • Blood clots .
  • Allergic reactions to drugs or contrast agents.
  • Damage to arteries and heart tissue.
  • Heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias) .
  • Kidney damage.
  • Heart attack.
  • Stroke
  • Emboli or the entry of air into the blood vessels.

If you are referred to a cardiac catheterization by a doctor, prepare yourself as well as possible. Usually, you will be asked to fast at least six hours before the procedure. If you are taking medication, consult this doctor. Inform your doctor if you have an allergy to drugs or any substance, to prevent things that are not desirable, both during and after cardiac catheterization.

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More about Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary Heart Disease

The most common heart disease is coronary heart disease. This disease occurs , when the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked by plaque in the heart’s blood vessels or coronary arteries.

At the arterial wall can occur atheroscelosis conditions, namely cholesterol buildup and other substances, such as calcium and fibrin, which form blockages or plaques in the arteries. Plaques can form on the walls of the arteries even since a person is young. But as you get older, the risk of plaque formation will be even higher. If left untreated, over time this plaque can cause reduced arterial blood vessel elastity and disrupt the smooth flow of blood.

The bigger the plaque, the narrower the arteries of the heart, the less oxygen-rich blood supply to the heart. Plaque can also be released and then clog most of the entire blood flow in the arteries. If this blood flow barrier occurs in the coronary arteries, a heart attack can occur.

Things That Increase the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease

So far, the exact cause of plaque formation in arteries is still not known with certainty. But some of the following can increase a person’s risk of experiencing atherosclerosis:

Cigarettes

Smoking is one of the factors that most contribute to the increased risk of coronary heart disease . Smokers are predicted to have a 24% greater risk of coronary heart disease than non-smokers. The content of nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarettes makes the heart work harder than usual. Both substances also increase the risk of blood clots in the arteries. Unfortunately, other chemicals in cigarettes can also damage the lining of the coronary arteries, thus increasing the risk of coronary heart disease.

Cholesterol

Cholesterol that flows too much in the blood can cause coronary heart disease. The type of cholesterol that increases the risk of coronary heart disease is low-density lipoprotein (LDL) commonly referred to as ‘bad’ cholesterol. Because, this cholesterol has a tendency to stick and accumulate in the coronary arteries.

Diabetes

Diabetics are predicted to have a two-fold higher risk of coronary heart disease. This is suspected because diabetics have thicker blood vessel walls. The thickness of the coronary artery wall can interfere with the smooth flow of blood to the heart.

The occurrence of blood clots

Blood clots or thrombosis that occurs in the coronary arteries will inhibit blood supply to the heart. The process of blood clotting is closely related to other factors, such as inflammatory processes, high cholesterol levels, uncontrolled blood sugar, and stress .

High blood pressure

High blood pressure can also increase the risk of coronary heart disease. A person is categorized as having high blood pressure if he has systolic pressure in the range of 130 mmHg or more, or diastolic pressure of 80 mmHg or more. Systolic pressure alone is defined as a measure of blood pressure when the heart contracts to pump blood out. While diastolic pressure is blood pressure when the heart muscle stretches to fill the blood.

How to prevent coronary heart disease

To minimize the risk of coronary heart disease, there are several ways you can do, including:

  • Do regular exercise .
  • Apply a healthy diet and balanced nutrition, increase intake of fruits and vegetables, reduce foods that contain cholesterol and excess salt.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Lose weight if it’s excessive.
  • Control blood pressure.
  • Control stress .
  • Enough rest. Research shows that lack of quality and hours of sleep affect the increased risk of coronary heart disease.

The danger of coronary heart disease will affect your quality of life, it can even cause sudden death due to a heart attack. Therefore, immediately consult with a doctor if you are at high risk of this disease, or even have experienced symptoms of coronary heart disease, such as chest pain that arises during heavy activity or stress, shortness of breath, cold sweat, and chest pain that radiates to the arms and neck .

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