Heart blockage is a coronary artery disorder that can cause coronary heart disease or better known as deadly heart disease in the world. Recognizing and being aware of the symptoms can reduce your risk of having a heart attack.
Heart blockage is generally caused by a buildup of plaque on the heart artery wall. These blood vessels surround the heart and are responsible for carrying oxygen and various nutrients from the body to the heart.
Plaque or atherosclerosis is generally formed from cholesterol , fat, calcium, metabolic waste, and blood clotting material called fibrin. Although it can be released from the walls of blood vessels, this plaque buildup can be carried along with the bloodstream to get stuck in certain organs such as the brain. Another thing that can happen is the formation of blood clots on the surface of the plaque which is also capable of blocking blood vessels until the blood flow is interrupted.
High cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure are some of the conditions that are risk factors for heart blockage. Other risk factors for heart blockage include age, gender, and a family history of this disease.
Symptoms of heart blockage
Heart blockage can be started from a young age. Plaque will continue to grow and accumulate as you get older. Usually this condition also does not show significant symptoms until the blood vessels are really narrowed, blocked, or even broken and cause a stroke or heart attack.
The most common symptoms of heart blockage are chest pain or angina attacks . The chest pain that you feel can be described as severe pressure, a feeling of pain, numbness, tightness, chest tightness, and pain. This pain can spread to the left shoulder, arms, neck, jaw and back. Chest pain can also be accompanied by nausea, sweating, and fatigue. Other symptoms that can also be experienced are rapid or irregular heartbeat ( arrhythmia ), feeling weak and dizzy.
Ischemia or disruption of blood flow can occur if the blood flow is completely blocked, and this condition can lead to a heart attack . Ischemia can occur when you are eating, exercising, too enthusiastic, or exposed to cold. If it is really severe, ischemia can also strike when you are resting.
Controlling several risk factors for heart blockage can help reduce the risk of heart disease. You can make changes to the diet to reduce cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and stop smoking and start exercising regularly. Exercising can keep your weight within normal limits, so it can reduce the risk of various complications from obesity . Discuss with your doctor about the steps to prevent heart blockages that can be done and adapt to your body’s condition.